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To achieve this a scientific study of society is needed in order to make necessary adjustments. Sociology is the study of human social behaviour. They provide the means for accuracy, reliability, and validity. If the analysis is carried on for the same situations, circumstances, environment, institutions etc. Have they enough information to answer usefully? Studying Society Sociology is the social scientific study of society and of social interaction in groups. It might be supposed that this demonstrates that temperature or climatic change are casually related to the propensity of individuals to kill themselves. Sociology as a social science has been trying to develop its own method of study. Comte devoted his main efforts to an inquiry into the nature of human knowledge and tried to classify all knowledge and to analyze the methods of achieving it. Sociology is the study of social life, social change, and human behavior. Sociology is the scientific study of human social relations or group life. To alleviate according to Encarta dictionary, (2009) is to make something such as pain or hardship more bearable or less severe. Some of the uses of sociology are as follows. When it comes to research, sociology depends on humans and it might prove impossible to contact some of those to whom questionnaires are to be sent or those whom the researcher wishes to interview. It is also defined as an activity that is the object of careful study or that is carried out according to a developed method. This essay is aimed at critically discussing the problems faced by sociology as a science and indicating how such problems can be reduced or alleviated. Perhaps as temperatures increase, people become more impulsive. Émile Durkheim, one of the founding thinkers of sociology, was born in France on April 15, 1858.The year 2017 marked the 159th anniversary of his birth. It has considerably developed in methodology, scope and approach. It would be impossible to study all these people directly, so in such situations researchers engage in sampling. An important goal is to yield generalizations —general statements regarding trends among various dimensions of social life. In researches involving questionnaires, misleading findings can be avoided by ensuring that all the items are readily understandable to interviewers and interviewees alike. It compromises of numerical data, found in official statistics for … The methods used to collect data sometimes do not produce results as expected by sociologists, this is because phenomenon to be generalized are not of a direct perspective kind and can not be measured by e. g. a thermometer or scales like those in natural sciences. The sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) is the study of science as a social activity, especially dealing with "the social conditions and effects of science, and with the social structures and processes of scientific activity." The one social problem is of course that of people living well and happily together. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Study of sociology is indispensable for understanding and planning of society: Society is a complex phenomenon with a multitude of intricacies. This might prove difficult as the child’s guardian may object to this experiment being carried out on her child. The argument in favour of sociology as a science is as follows: Sociology has made it possible to study society in a scientific manner. According to Gopal, (2003), a science is a body of knowledge about natural world and method of discovering knowledge and social institution organized around. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. It is in face a science, better said a social science which overlooks a variety of aspects affecting human social behaviour such as social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, sexuality and deviance. The survey method of research in sociology involves only a small number of people, we cannot therefore be sure that what is found in one context will apply in other situations as well, or even that two different researchers would come to the same conclusions when studying the same group. 3. Sociology is the scientific study of social change and a lens into the complexity of the causes and consequences of human behavior. According to Jonathan H. Turner 1982, Max Weber defines sociology, as a “science, which aims at the interpretative understanding of social behaviour in order to gain an explanation of its causes, its course and its effects”. This could be done by trying to control or ‘screen out’ other possible influences that might explain the correlation. The findings may be accepted however, the policy makers would not impose them. How does discrimination play role in modern society? Society has its own problems in every field. This might not be implemented by policy makers as it could be perceived morally wrong. Sociology as Discipline Sociology is the scientific study of social life, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. (Cohen, 1968). With its systematic approach, the scientific method has proven useful in shaping sociological studies. Different aspects of human behavior are psychological in nature, and as such, do not submit to measurement. An example would be in studying the relationship between maternal deprivation in infancy and serious personality problems in adulthood. (Encarta Microsoft Student, 2009). Encarta dictionary, (2009) defines science as a systematically organized body of knowledge about a particular subject. cit) Bias can enter the research process in many ways. What are social norms, why are they inflicted upon us and why do we follow them almost religiously? Sociology is the study of human behavior. Problems Faced by Sociology as a Science and How They Can Be Alleviated, Roles of External Professionals Who Work with Schools, Sociology And The Commercialization Of Sport Sociology, The Problems of Measuring Attitudes in Social Science Surveys, Underrepresentation Of Women In Science And Engineering Sociology, How Problems They Faced Between 1812 To 1822, Societal Attitude And Barriers Faced By Females Sociology, Problems Faced By Business Organizations Commerce, Is Management an Art, Science or a Profession, Categories of client-server architecture and problems faced by hures, Sociology- Chapter 4&5 Summary and Review, Free online plagiarism checker with percentage. Sociologists examine how society shapes individual and group behavior and how individuals and groups interpret and change society. Sociology studies society in a scientific way. Natural sciences deal with matter, and as matter has no consciousness, it cannot be explained as a reaction to external senses. With its systematic approach, the scientific method has proven useful in shaping sociological studies. Sociologists are influenced in their work by the values which they hold and the values of society in which they work. In recent years STEM (science, technology, engineering, and maths) sciences have received the majority of investment and support from government, universities, etc., while these subjects are no doubt important, the importance of social sciences should not be ignored. scientific revolution Kuhn (1970)- what happens when anomalies build up and do not fit in the puzzle of science, science enters a period of crisis and new challenging paradigms develop and one wins out? The study of sociology has a great value especially in modern complex society. Sociologists on Sociology. In fact, in areas such as social and primary care, the justice system, and business, to name just a few, social science is extremely important, and necessary. When you attend one of these events, you may know only the people you came with. It seeks to understand all aspects of human social behavior, including the behavior of individuals, as well as the social dynamics of small groups, large organizations, communities, institutions, and entire societies. Sociology makes a scientific study of society: Prior to the emergence of sociology the study of society was carried on in an unscientific manner and society had never been the central concern of any science. Sociology is the scientific study of human society, investigating social life from interpersonal relationships to the rise and fall of nations. Comte introduced the word "sociology" for the first time in his famous book "Positive Philosophy" at about 1839. (Ibid) Sociology as a science faces the problem of the inability to rearrange society completely scientific experimentation. The essay has shown that these problems can be alleviated by standardizing terminologies, avoid understanding the problems in not too a mechanical way. The scientific study of social behavior and human groups is known as ... b. political science. ibid). (Ibid) Sociology as a science faces the problem of the inability to rearrange society completely scientific experimentation. c. anthropology. Sociology throws more light on the social nature of man. … Individuals who are isolated or unhappy tend to experience an intensification of these feelings as the activity level of others rises. Its approaches neither moral nor immoral but amoral. Study of society by their very nature cannot be exact like natural and physical sciences. Which statement about the international coffee trade is the most accurate? But because of its dealing with social problems, social relationships and social interactions the importance of the study of this subject has considerably increased. Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social life. Subject matter of society is similar to natural science … Northrope (1955), defined sociology as a science that studies human societies and social behaviour. Concerts, sports games, and political rallies can have very large crowds. Sociology is the scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Sociology can be a science – positivism . In studying society, usually sociology study’s people at all levels but suspends attitudes and morals of people. Social Sciences . They may even try to ‘assist’ the researcher by giving the responses they believe the researcher wants. However, the casual relation here has nothing to do with temperature or climate at all. Criminology is the social science field that is concerned with the study and analysis of crime: the definition of crime, the causes of crime and criminal behavior. Values enter research in the choice of problem and methodology of study the formation of hypotheses, the collection and analysis of data and conclusion reached. “A science guided by the basic understanding that the social matters: our lives are affected not only by our individual characteristics, but... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. d. sociology. Sociological Imagination Have to be detached from a certian problem in order to try to fix it. It has also been limited by researchers who see what they want to see, Unpredictability of human nature, etc. The discipline studies the social causes and consequences of human behavior. cit) According to Cohen (1968), Sociologists see only what they want not paying attention to the subject in question, an example is when Herber investigated the industrial, capitalism in Europe, he saw the influence of Calvinism but not that of technological innovation, (ibid). "Sociology is the science that deals with social groups".Science of social institutions. For example, if a piece of research is based on surveys of a participant’s views, it may be easy for the researcher to push the discussion in a particular way for example, by asking leading questions that follow the researcher’s particular prejudices. (Op Cit:88,89). Sociology has not achieved triumphs comparable to those of the older and more heavily supported sciences. It also includes a focus on important social institutions, including organizations, families, healthcare, the economy, and the law. Criminology (from Latin crimen, "accusation", and Ancient Greek-λογία, -logia, from λόγος logos meaning: "word, reason") is the study of crime and deviant behaviour. (Young,1948) To find out whether a correlation between variables is a casual connection, sociologists use controls. Still it has remarkable progress. (Ibid). The home and family ,the school and education, the church and religion, the state and government ,industry and work ,the community and association, these are institutions through which society functions. Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. This is the observer bias and it can be difficult, or perhaps impossible to eliminate. The scientific method provides a systematic, organized series of steps that help ensure objectivity and consistency in exploring a social problem. In that case, meteorology cannot be a science since it fails to make an accurate prediction of the weather and natural calamities Universal validness of conclusions and a complete accuracy of prediction are not the only prerequisites of science. what you'll learn Sociology is the social science field that is concerned with the study of the human condition: social existence, social behavior, social issues and problems, and how societies function and change. ’ might baffle some people. 1) Investigation is possible: Then the essay will then turn its attention to the difficulties faced by sociology, there after ways of alleviating the problems will follow and the conclusion will sum up the discussion. Thus, “Broadly it may be said that sociology had a four fold origin: in political philosophy, the philosophy of history, biological theories of evolution and movements for social and political reforms. Comte is regarded as the "Father of Sociology" not because of any significant contributions to the science as such, but because of the great influence he had upon it. Hence stablishment of human patterns is difficult. The one social problem is of course that of people living well and happily together. A business firm or government agency may be unwilling to let the researcher carry out the work planned. Sociologists face three bias problems the variability and unpredictability of human nature, formation of terminology of human nature, confusion of terminology and bias due to their values. Though these problems exist, their extent can be greatly lessened in the ways outlined below: According to Ghosh (2004:46) the personal prejudices of an observer can be minimized with the help of some standardized techniques developed for that purpose. The results could be biased as a result (Op. The scientific study of social behavior and human groups is known as ... b. political science. Sociological Imagination Have to be detached from a certian problem in order to try to fix it. It is one of the youngest sciences because only recently it came to be established as a distinct branch of knowledge with its own distinct set of concepts and its own methods of inquiry. Confucius, Cicero and others we find major attempts... ...Sociology____________________________________________________________________ Sociology also faces the problem of studying human behavior in a wide range, hence it becomes difficult to understand it fully. Sociology evolves deep into the social nature of man. In the family of social sciences, Sociology is comparatively a new entrant. Sociology conducts many... ...Sociology which is known as the science of society, is one of the youngest as well as one of the oldest of the social sciences. Therefore, it is entitled to be called a science. Looking at things in a bigger picture. Before the developed thinking of the Renaissance, people were more concerned about the material world such as nature, therefore their primeval concern was on the emergence of mathematics, physics and other nature sciences. Moreover values can pose serious problems for scientists because it is often difficult to separate values, from the points of view which guide the research. As a general rule, the higher the proportion of non-responses in the sample, the more likely it is that the survey of those who do take part will be biased. 2. From that time onward, they declined over the remainder of the year. According to Giddens (2006:78), Science is the use of systematic methods of empirical investigation, the analysis of data, theoretical thinking and logical assessment of arguments to develop a body of knowledge about a particular subject matter. Sociology, B.A. in Sociology focuses on understanding the processes involved in the creation, maintenance, and evolution of social structure, and on the impact of diverse structural forms on individual behavior. Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social life. Some reject the use of science methodology for studying social action, as they see the subjects of sociology and natural sciences as fundamentally opposite. Alternatively, the interviewee may evade a question that for various reasons he doesn’t want to answer. (Young,1948) To find out whether a correlation between variables is a casual connection, sociologists use controls. When you attend one of these events, you may know only the people you came with. cit) Another way to alleviate the problems in sociology is by conducting pilot studies in order to pick up problems not anticipated by the investigator. In order to answer the question at hand, the definitions of sociology, science and alleviate will be provided. Rural Sociology is a developing science which is very useful for India, its main aim and object being making a scientific study of the Rural Society which would enable the country to make real progress. In sociology, difficulties in observation and experimentation may be reduced to a considerable extent by making the enquiry confined to a particular class whose behavior is taken up for study. (Ibid:80). If the methods, tools and techniques used by any discipline are scientific then the subject can be treated as a science. As a Science, Sociology is necessarily silent about the questions of value. According to Giddens (2006), problems arising from causal connections in sociology can be alleviated by not understanding them in too mechanical a way. This means some variables have to be held constant in order to look at the effects of others. Sociology because of its bearing upon many of the problems of the present world has assumed such a great importance that it is considered to be the best approach to all the social sciences. " It is the … It focuses primarily on the influence of social relationships upon people’s attitudes and behavior and on how societies are established and change. They provide the means for accuracy, reliability, and validity. 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