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Japanese industry depended for survival on access to … Steaming eastward, she surfaced 10 miles (16 km) off Waikiki on 6 December. was a Japanese Type B1 submarine which saw service during World War II in the Imperial Japanese Navy. All was dead quiet ... the favorable moment for firing was approaching. Though Hashimoto was himself known to be innocent of any war crimes and was generally treated well by his guards, he spoke little English and was subject to derision in the press. Hashimoto's submarine then returned to Japan, one of the few Japanese submarines to survive the war. She never surfaced for more than a few hours. USS Seawolf under a new Captain, and on her 15th. Born in Kyoto and educated at the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy, Hashimoto volunteered for service in submarines and was aboard submarine I-24 during the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. Sailing 26 September with Shad (SS-235), she rendezvoused with Cero (SS-225) at Midway Island to form the first of the Submarine Force's highly successful wolfpacks. [33] At 23:35 that evening, Hashimoto spotted the heavy cruiser Indianapolis at 10,000 metres (33,000 ft) cruising for his position at medium speed. However, his future would be with those who dwell beneath the surface and after submarine instruction in 1938, he was assigned the USS Argonaut. [47] It was the first time that an officer of a nation at war with the United States had testified against an officer of the U.S. Navy in a court martial. While penned up in his dormitory during the trial, he was treated more like an honored guest than an enemy officer who had caused the deaths of so many American boys. With Cliff Robertson, Gia Scala, Teru Shimada, Patricia Cutts. Hashimoto ordered the submarine to make for an area where he believed shipping lanes between Guam, Leyte, Peleliu and Okinawa intersected. patrol, was sunk by friendly fire on the the 3rd. On 1 March, she was ordered to Iwo Jima to support the battle taking place there. After searching unsuccessfully for flotsam or any sign of the ship,[36][37] he ordered the I-58 to retire at 02:30. Hashimoto died at the age of 91 on 25 October 2000,[61] five days before a resolution to posthumously exonerate Captain McVay was passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton. [46] Hashimoto's 50 minutes of testimony focused on whether or not Indianapolis was "zigzagging" and he noted the ship did not deviate from its course. [41] After the war, it was confirmed Indianapolis was the only ship I-58 had sunk. Congress warmed to the idea of a weapon that might render expensive battleships obsolete, and on 30 June 1914 authorized construction of eight submarines, of which at least one was to … He told them the visibility was good on the night of the attack and he had been able to easily spot the Indianapolis. [4] He graduated and commissioned in 1931.[5]. Four months after this picture was taken she was lost with all hands while attempting to exit the Sea of Japan after sinking four ships for a total of 13,000 tons. The next day he arrived in Washington, D.C. where hearings were taking place. The American submarine fleet was largely the product the decision by the Navy General Board in 1911 to consider the development of a "fleet submarine", capable of sustained 21 knot speed and good seakeeping so that it could operate with the battle fleet. She arrived off the coast of Guam at 03:00 on 11 January 1945 and Hashimoto ordered four kaitens launched. On 13 May 1944, Fleet Radio Unit Pacific (FRUPAC), Hawaii (successor to Commander Joe Rochefort’s Station Hypo), intercepted and decoded a transmission from Japanese submarine I-16 to Japanese Commander Submarine Division 7 that gave its estimated time of arrival off Buin, Bougainville, Solomon Islands as 2200 22 May. [56] He was later interviewed by author Dan Kurzman for his 1990 book Fatal Voyage, in which Kurzman stated, "Commander Hashimoto was amazed by the Americans. In March 1943 I-176 narrowly avoided destruction when she was attacked at Lae, Papua New Guinea by US B-25 Mitchell bombers while unloading supplies. In 1934, Hashimoto volunteered for the submarine service,[2] and in 1937, he served aboard destroyers and submarine chasers off the shores of the Republic of China. "[57] Hashimoto later authored a book Sunk: The Story of the Japanese Submarine Fleet, 1941–1945 in which he detailed Japanese submarine operations in the war, including an account of the sinking of Indianapolis. The most successful Dutch submarine to operate out of Fremantle was the Zwaardvisch (Swordfish). [6] On 18 November, I-24 and her group sailed from Kure with a midget submarine attached to her afterdeck. [45] Among the public responses, socialite Evalyn Walsh McLean sent an angry telegram to Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal to complain, and U.S. Representative Robert L. Doughton publicly stated, "It is the most contemptible thing I ever heard of to summon a Jap officer to testify against one of our own officers. The torpedo-release switch pressed at intervals of two seconds and then the report came from the torpedo room, "All tubes fired and correct." 1908, Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072108400 (jp), Naval appointment dated 29 November 1945, Publication No. Awards. Every minute seemed an age. Mochitsura Hashimoto (橋本以行, Hashimoto Mochitsura, 1909 – 25 October 2000) was a Japanese officer and a submarine commander in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. This Tiny U.S. Navy Warship Sank the Most Submarines in History. [6] A second supply mission the following month failed. 155, Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072159300 (jp), http://www.al.com/news/mobile/index.ssf/2016/07/uss_indianapolis_survivor_youv.html, Interrogation of Commander Mochitsura Hashimoto, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mochitsura_Hashimoto&oldid=959136972, Japanese military personnel of World War II, Recipients of the Order of the Rising Sun, Recipients of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Recipients of the Order of the Golden Kite, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 May 2020, at 09:31. She subsequently returned to Truk in April 1944 and was despatched to Buka Island at the far western end of the Solomon Islands archipelago, where she was to undertake another supply run. [34] Believing the ship to be an "Idaho-class" battleship, he ordered I-58 to dive and once Indianapolis closed to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) he ordered six regular torpedoes fired at 00:02 on 30 July. USS Grayback, one of the most successful submarines of the war, was a Tambor-class submarine launched on January 31, 1941 and was under the command of Lieutenant Commander John Anderson Moore. Regarding McVay's conviction, Hashimoto wrote: Our peoples have forgiven each other for that terrible war and its consequences. [38] He later wrote of the incident: We had the moon behind us and the enemy ship was now clearly visible. 338, Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072075700 (jp), Naval appointment dated 1 June 1939, Publication (limited access) No. A KD7 sub-class boat, I-176 was built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the early 1940s. [3] In his youth he was described as self-possessed and respectful. Bringing the boat on to a course parallel with the enemy, we waited anxiously. In fact, O’Kane was the supreme submarine ace of the war and won the Medal of Honor. Hashimoto graduated from high school in 1927 and was accepted into the Naval Academy. Christened three months after Pearl Harbor, Wahoo was commanded by the astonishing Dudley W. "Mush" Morton, whose originality and daring new techniques led to results unprecedented in naval history; among them, successful "down the throat" barrage against an … On 4 February 1945, Vice Admiral Shigeyoshi Miwa, Commander of Japanese Sixth Fleet (submarines), ... [SS-269] one of the most successful boats of the war, on 19 February 1944. He attended Kyoto Third High School, a prestigious school, where he performed well. I-21 (伊号第二一潜水艦, I-gō Dai Nijū-ichi sensui-kan) was a Japanese Type B1 submarine which saw service during World War II in the Imperial Japanese Navy.She displaced 1,950 tons and had a speed of 24 knots (44 km/h). On 9 December, I-24 steamed for Kure. 85 crew members died. [26] The strike had been unsuccessful. Their fifth tour would cement Tang’s record as one of the most successful U.S. sub of WWII, and O’Kane’s standing as America’s greatest submarine commander but Dicken’s might have described it as the best of times and the worst of times. Several American submarines in the Truk area were informed that a Japanese submarine was in the vicinity. Hashimoto reported a tanker assumed sunk. 1994, Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072147800 (jp), Ministry of Demobilization appointment dated 11 June 1946, Publication No. The Navy Cross. [27][54] When his ship accidentally collided with and sank a freighter, he was forced to resign. [43] On 20 November, he was given command of the destroyer Yukikaze, among the few Imperial Navy ships to survive the war, and assigned to repatriation duties, returning troops to Japan from overseas. A message from I-176 was intercepted which reported that the vessel had "Received direct torpedo hit en route to Truk, no damage". Highly publicized at the time, the improvised appendectomy carried out by one pharmacist's mate while his boat was running submerged is typical of the leadership abilities and training of wartime U.S. Navy submarine force personnel—even in non-combat situations. 342, Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, reference code C13072075900 (jp), Naval appointment dated 1 December 1939, Publication (limited access) No. [7] Her commander, Yahachi Tanabe, was wounded by machine-gun fire from the bombers and had to relinquish command a few days later. 1911 Dover, New Hampshire formal surrender in Tokyo Bay, Hashimoto was given command of Ro-31... 1942 the vessel was renamed from I-76 to I-176 and was sent initially to Truk in September 1942 his to! In 1934 later wrote of the attack and he had been able to easily spot the Indianapolis [. 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